Welcome to the Karingani Reserve

Bringing community hope, environmental conservation and infrastructure development to Mozambique through public-private partnership

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Karingani Game Reserve is located in southwestern Mozambique at the junction of the Kruger National Park in South Africa and the Limpopo National Park in Mozambique, and forms part of the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFC A). This hugely ambitious effort is a game changing strategy to integrate multi- national parks into a contiguous, aligned conservation management zone.

Karingani offers remarkably rare, virgin reserve grounds with limited signs of historical community presence. The diversity of habitats, landscape and the potential for natural dispersal of game across borders is a significant attribute. This puts Karingani right in the heart of the region’s ongoing rhino poaching battle and creates a critical role in acting as a buffer zone and first line of defense against this threat.

It has long been the dream of conservationists to see the Karingani ecosystem incorporated into this iconic protected area. The Karingani Founders have enabled this dream to become a reality.

You must be the change you wish to see in the world." Mahatma Gandhi


Our success is evaluated by meeting the goals we set in the specific areas of community, conservation, infrastructure development, reserve establishment and wildlife management.



We have a 100-year vision to deliver a long-term conservation plan supported by a sustainable business model and integrated Public Private Partnership for the purpose of the management and protection of Karingani’s at-risk environment.

The Karingani Founders plan to fulfill this vision through expert research and scientifically-based management, including:

  • The delivery, execution and operation of a world class private game reserve through an effective and sustainable business model
  • Create and preserve long-term value through secure land tenure, best in class infrastructure, a strong management constitution, first class wildlife protection and integrated community development
  • Promote sustainable conservation management and integration into the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area, thereby creating critical ecological, migratory and tourism links with South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique



Karingani has the potential to be one of the most iconic game reserves in Africa. The natural attributes, diversity and quality of the terrestrial vegetation have a significant impact on the game-carrying capacity and thus the attractiveness as a safari destination.

Karingani’s potential is comparable to some of the best safari destinations in Africa such as Malilangwe Game Reserve in Zimbabwe and Grumeti Reserves in Tanzania.

We are home to a healthy population of endangered black and white rhinoceros, elephant and buffalo herds. Lions, cheetah, leopard, hyena and painted hunting dogs keep the herbivore population in check. Apart from the ‘Big 5’, Karingani has 17 different species of antelope, 14 species of eagle and over 400 different bird species. Giraffe, zebra, impala and wildebeest abound throughout the area.

Our success will ensure that the long-term ecological function of the ecosystem is maintained and protected, whilst presenting new livelihood opportunities to impoverished communities through the development of a functioning conservation-tourism economy.



We conduct annual helicopter surveys for invaluable information on population dynamics that are used to guide all decisions.

Fire is also used as a carefully considered tool to maintain a flow of quality fodder to support the large mammal populations, maintain or enhance spatial heterogeneity and reduce the risk of accidental or arson fires that may threaten important plant species or destroy the composition of an important vegetation community. Of course, burns are implemented on the basis of past fire frequency, herbaceous fuel loads and pending rainfall forecasts.

Security is an essential component of our oversight. We’ve developed a well trained, equipped and organised scout force. Scouts carry out the dual roles of anti-poaching and collection of data on the spatial distribution, population structure and general health of animal populations. This effort will not only protect the animals of Karingani, but provide much needed protection for the often breached Kruger National Park border.



The Karingani Founders are committed to achieving socioeconomic uplift within local communities that are generationally sustainable. This model is focused on catalyzing this social impact directly through employment and indirectly through the business opportunities delivered through inclusive development.

Socio-economic uplift can be achieved through education, healthcare, provision of clean drinking water, job creation, sustainable agriculture projects, training and skills development and entrepreneurship and small business development opportunities.

Ultimately the project partners want the community members to make the direct link between their improved well-being and the existence of Karingani and its wildlife as a prime conservation area and tourism asset that they can depend on for future growth and prosperity. Critical to the success of the conservation management and anti-poaching work is to offer an alternative economic option to poaching and to educate the next generation to be responsible for conserving this asset as a source of independence.



Karingani Founders have developed significant core infrastructure over the last 8 years. This provides a thoughtful foundation for all development, conservation, security and management operations.

  • 120km game fence of eastern boundary
  • Hospitality lodge
  • Boreholes and dams
  • Central operations buildings and supporting infrastructure
  • Security operations buildings and supporting infrastructure
  • Internal road network
  • Solar and main link power

Future infrastructure development includes:

  • 253km water pipe from the Massingir Dam to service the local communities
  • Upgrade of Massingir Airstrip
  • A community lodge
  • 215km of internal road network
  • Conservation Research Centre

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